The Bull terrier is a muscular, strongly built dog. Its long, eye-shaped head distinguishes this dog breed.
They are purebred dogs and a lover, not a fighter. Pet owners classify them as the most comical and mischievous inhabitant of the dogdom.
A well-made bull terrier is an ultimate representation of muscular balance and determination. There are 4 keys to their happiness, i.e., firm/loving training, early socializing, a lot of quality time, and adequate physical activity. If the pet owner can meet these demands, they can enjoy the most lovable, loyal, and fun companion ever.
Facts About Bull Terrier
|Dog Breed Group||Terrier dogs|
|Height Range||Male: 22-inch Female: 21-inch|
|Weight Range||Male: 55-65 pounds Female: 45-55 pounds|
|Life Span||10-12 years|
|Colors||Mostly white with marking on the head or any other color in combination with white|
|Club Recognition||AKC and UKC classification as a terrier|
|Exercise Requirement||40 minutes a day|
|Energy Level||Very active and energetic|
|Tendency To Drool, Snore, Bark, And Dig||Low|
|Social Attention Needs||Moderate|
|Litter Size||The average litter size is 5|
History Of Bull Terrier
Some of the most kind and social AKC dog breeds initiated their livelihood as fierce fighters through barbaric blood-shed sports. This is the case with bull terrier as well.
Bull-baiting was a prevalent and in-trend sport during the 13th century, especially in Britain. In these games, the Bulldogs were turned loose over a wagered bull as the audience bet on the results. The drift kept growing until blood sports involving animals were outlawed in the 1830s. Later, bull-baiting became dogfighting, with many dogs mauling over each other within the premises of indoor grounds.
Bulldogs proved to be relatively slow in the game. Instead, they were found providing more entertainment to the people rather than indulging in gruesome acts. There the process of crossing bulldogs with terriers took place. The aim was to develop a breed with a bulldog’s power and a blazing spirit of terrier dogs. The breed produced this way was the Bull Terrier.
The first bull terrier to register was by American Kennel Club named Nellie II during 18885. After 12 years, The Bull Terrier Club Of America was made. The colored bull terriers, like a black bull terrier, became a totally different breed in 1936. Miniature bull terrier later made their way through the showground in 1992.
Official Standard Of Bull Terrier
Bull terriers are strongly built. It is muscular, active, and symmetrical with an intelligent expression, discipline, and sweet disposition.
The head is strong and long but not coarse. The full face is oval in outline and has an impression of fullness with no dips or indentations. The head curves gently downwards from the top of the skull to the tip of the nose. The forehead is flat from ear to ear. The underjaw is deep and well-defined.
- Lips And Teeth
The lips are clean and tight. Teeth meet each other in a scissor-like bite.
The upper teeth are present closely against the lower teeth. They are strong, sound, and perfectly symmetrical.
Ears are thin, small, and placed together.
- Eyes And Nose
Bull terriers have well-sunken eyes. They are as dark as you can imagine with a piercing sparkle to them. The nose is black. It has well-developed nostrils that bow downward near the tip.
The neck is quite muscular. It is clean, arched, and very, very long. It tapers from the shoulder of the dog to his head and is devoid of any loose skin.
The chest appears broad from the front. There is a great depth from brisket to withers.
American pit bull terrier has a well-rounded body with a short and strong back. The shoulders are also powerful, muscular without any undesirable weight. There is no sloppiness or dip at the withers. The underline from belly to the brisket has a decent upward curve.
- Legs, Feet, And Tail
Legs are big-boned and not bristly. The forelegs have moderate lengths and are perfectly straight, so the bull terrier for sale can firmly stand upon them. The elbows are neither in nor out, and the pasterns are sturdy and upright. The hind legs appear parallel from behind, whereas the thighs are muscular with letdown hocks.
Bull terrier’s feet are compact and round with arched toes like a cat. The tail is short, fine, and set low and horizontally.
Personality And Temperament
The miniature bull terrier is an affectionate, gentle, and very playful animal with all the family members. They are also the most loyal pet to guard the family and keep around the house. Like any other tough or large breed, they also need extra precaution around kids, strangers, and other pet animals. Some other bull terrier personality traits include courage and ferocity. Without early training and socializing, they may become possessive, jealous, or aggressive towards others very soon.
Bull terriers have a preventive effect, and so they know how to defend the owner in very critical situations. They are not bred to be a guard dog but scrappy, courageous, clownish, fearless, polite, obedient, and fun-loving. They tend to thrive on consistent leadership, so makes great family pet.
Bull terrier temperament is great to control with active families that can give substantial supervision to the dog. They must be given a firm structure, or they might become destructive. Learn how to socialize them at an early stage and be the pack leader all the time to keep them well-taught.
Living With A Bull Terrier
Because this dog breed is mighty, they must be obedience trained towards family members and strangers. Their socializing demands frequent overseen exposure to pets and other people nearby. With proper training and mingling, bull terrier makes for an amazing family pet. They are not a great choice for new pet parents or people with multiple pets and reckless kids.
They need daily physical activity and exercise in a fenced yard for an hour or so. You can also take them for a walk with a leash on. Bull terrier should never be allowed to roam around freely, even if they are trained or not. Thanks to their hefty build, they should not be overfed as they can become obese very quickly.
This dog breed is usually very healthy but may face some rare health problems. Some of these medical concerns don’t appear unless the dog reaches a certain level of maturity. The health issues that may occur with bull terrier are:
Deafness in one or both ears is very common in a white bull terrier. Some colored bull terrier may also exhibit this condition in one ear only. All the pups must undertake the Brainstem Auditory Evoked Response test to ensure their audible range is normal. Dogs with this problem in one ear can live a normal, healthy life. However, puppies with hearing issues in both ears need special handling and training tactics.
- Hereditary Nephritis
It is a severe form of kidney disorder found in bull terrier puppies for sale. It can happen due to small/ undeveloped kidneys or fault in the kidney filters. It results in a high protein level in urine and may cause the pup to die even before he is 3 years old.
- Heart Problems
Many heart diseases in bull terrier occur due to defect in heart structure and functioning. Some cases are often severe and are presented by heart murmurs. An echocardiogram or cardiac ultrasound is required for the diagnosis and treatment.
It is an obsessive form of tail-chasing that usually begins at an early stage. It may cause the dog to chase his tail for hours with zero interest in food or water. This condition is a type of seizure but has successful treatment options with proper medications such as Prozac and Anafranil.
- Skin Problems
Skin-related mini bull terrier health issues can affect bull terrier, especially white ones. They have susceptible skin that is prone to irritations, rashes, and sores. These dogs are also susceptible to inhalant or contact allergens caused due to reactions against substances like chemicals or detergents. Allergens that may be a root cause are mildew, pollens, and dust particles.
To prevent major problems, check your pet’s skin regularly. Give soft and clean bedding to avoid sores and change the diet plan with no additives or chemicals.
The recommended daily intake of food for bull terrier is 15/8 to 4 ¼ cup of good-quality dog food. This amount must be given daily divided into two meal portions.
The amount of food your dog should eat depends upon factors like age, size, build, activity level, and metabolism. A highly active dog needs more food as compared to other individuals. The quality of dog food you get for your pup makes a huge difference as well. The better the food, the more it will nourish your dog.
Grooming And Coat Color
The bull terrier coat is shiny, flat, and short. It has a very hard texture.
These dogs are available in two color varieties, i.e., colored and white.
White bull terriers are solid white breeds. There are no colored markings on the head or anywhere else over the body. Colored bull terrier, on the other hand, has any color except white or any color with white markings.
They are straightforward to clean, maintain, and groom. You only need to do brushing once a week with a curry brush or rubber mitt. During their twice-yearly shedding season, daily brushing is required to keep the hair fall manageable. Unless they are filthy, there is no need for frequent baths—a quality dry shampoo or damp cloth s enough to wipe off the stink.
Dental hygiene and nail care are also included in the bull terrier grooming needs. Brush your pet’s teeth twice a week to remove bacteria and tarter backlog. Trim the nails once a month or as needed. Short nails are important to keep their feet in good condition. You don’t want their nails to get caught in the carpet and tear apart.
Check bull terrier ears weekly to ensure there is no redness, debris, or inflammation. Clean them as required with a vet recommended cleanser and cotton ball.
Interesting Facts About Bull Terrier
Some less commonly known and interesting facts about bull terrier are:
- These dogs are directly linked to bulls and terriers mix. They were bred to fight with a terrier dog’s tenacious agility mixed with the physical force.
- They are also known as canine gladiators.
- James Hinks of Birmingham gave them a distinctive breed and personality traits. England. Originally he called them White Cavaliers but later bred them with Staffordshire bull terrier creating bullies with other colors.
- They have a distinctive long, egg-shaped face. Their eyes are also unusually triangular in shape.
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder is quite common in this dog breed.
- They are the most gentle, sweet dogs known as the clown of the dog world. Bull terrier makes the best spokes dogs among all dog breeds.
- Is Bull Terrier Dangerous?
Bull terriers have a terrible reputation when it comes to their temperament. They are often aggressive and combative, with a great tendency to bite. With such a trait, it is no surprise that they top the list of dangerous dog breeds worldwide.
- Are Bull Terrier Smart?
These dogs are brilliant and intelligent. Though they appear muscular and intimidating with their overall look, they have goofy and fun personalities.
- Is It Hard To Train A Bull Terrier?
Bull terrier are strong-willed animals. They can be tough to train. It is the main reason why this dog breed is not recommended for newbies and first-time pet parents. Without early training and socializing, bull terrier may become aggressive towards other people, pets, and strangers.
- How Long Does A Bull Terrier Live?
The average bull terrier life cycle ranges from 10 years to 12 years. Though some live longer and some shorter depending upon their health and medical conditions.
- Do Bull Terrier Sleep A Lot?
The average bull terrier sleeps for about 12-14 hours a day. Puppies with more exploring and learning may need as much as 18-20 hours of uninterrupted sleep.
Though a tough and powerful breed, bull terrier are also gentle and affectionate towards their owners. They are playful with all family members and a great canine companion to have in the house.